What are the signs of kidney stone?

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You may often hear about kidney stones. But you don’t know what the hell kidney stone is? And always think of how it is possible to consume stone which causes kidney stones. Hahaha! Just kidding, in this article, you will know what kidney stone is? Its types, various signs of kidney stone, treatment, and prevention.

 

What are the signs of kidney stone

What is kidney stone:

A kidney stone is the collection of minerals and salt which you consume often made up of calcium and uric acid. They form in the kidney but can travel to other urinary parts.

The size of the stone always varies. In some cases, kidney stones can be few inches longer or sometimes they can be so large that they take up the entire kidney.

Researchers found that 1 out of every 11 people in the United States only, suffer from kidney stones. Also, researchers found that men show more chances to suffer from kidney stones than women.

Also in the same study, researchers found that men suffer from obesity show more chances for kidney stones than diabetes patients.

When you are not hydrated enough then your urine becomes more concentrated with a high level of minerals in it.

This high level of minerals in your urine likely to accumulate on your urine pathway and form stone which is also called a kidney stone.

If the size of the kidney stone is small then you will not feel any pain and any signs of kidney stone. However, if the size of the kidney stone is bigger than you will feel pain and some signs and symptoms of kidney stones.

Types of kidney stone:

Not all kidney stones are the same. The different type of kidney stones are:

  • Cystine: 

Rarest kidney stones found in both men and women. People who suffered from cystinuria that is the genetic disorder. In this disorder, the human body naturally leaks an acid called cystine in the urine.

These leaks of acid caused cystine type stone kidney disorder.

  • Calcium:

The most commonly found type of kidney stone. In this type, the stone is made up of calcium oxalate. Less consuming oxalate-rich food can decrease the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones.

Rich in oxalate food includes:

  1. Potatoes chips
  2. Beet.
  3. Spinach
  4. Chocolates.
  5. Peanuts

You can decrease the risk of this type of kidney stone by increase calcium mineral in your diet.

Calcium-rich foods include:

  1. Milk.
  2. Curd.
  3. Almonds
  4. Chia seeds.
  5. Cheese.
  • Struvite:

This type of kidney stone is commonly found in women who suffer from UTI (Urinary Tract Infections).  Stone formed due to kidney infection, can be large and cause urinary obstruction. Proper treatment of this kidney infection is the only way to prevent the development of struvite.

Risk factors of causing kidney stone:

Those who make less than 1-liter urine per day show more chances to suffer from kidney stones. Also kidney stones more likely to occur in people who fall under the age of 20-50 years.  

Different factors also contribute to developing kidney stones. In the United States alone it is seen that white people show more chances to suffer from kidney stones than black skin people.    

According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). Men show more chances to develop kidney stones. Thus sex also plays a major role in developing kidney stones.

Many reports also contribute that your genetic also plays a major role in developing kidney stones.

Other risk factors include:

  1.  Dehydration.
  2. Genetic.
  3. Obesity.
  4. gastric bypass surgery. 
  5. Bowel disease (Which caused calcium absorption)
  6. Medicines like and calcium-based antacids and antiseizure drugs.
Signs and symptoms of kidney stone:
  • Fever:

Chills and shivering with fever is the most common sign of kidney stone. However, fever with chills indicates that you are suffering from infection besides kidney stones. This can be a serious problem too.

If you suffer from fever usually higher than 104 Fehernites with pain in back, belly or side then you may need urgent medical supervision. Call your doctor immediately.

  • Feel blockage or going a small amount at a time:

If your kidney stone is large then it will surely block the pathway of the urine tract. This blockage can slow or stop the flow of urine. If you have a blockage you may experience urinate a little bit each time.

If you experience complete blockage of urinary tract then you need urgent medical supervision. Call your doctor immediately.

  • Vomiting:

The most common signs in all kidney stone symptoms are vomiting and nausea. This happens because of the shared connection of nerve between the kidney and gastrointestinal tract(GI).

Stone in the kidney usually triggers these nerves which send signals and the setting of an upset stomach. many experts believe that nausea and vomiting is the natural way of responding to intestine pain.

  •  Blood in the urine:

Blood in the urine is also a kidney stone symptoms. In medical language, this condition is known as Hematuria. The color of blood drops can be brown, red or pink. It always varies from person to person.

Sometimes drops of blood are so small which can’t be seen through naked eyes. Which is called microscopic- Hematuria. However, your doctor can test for these symptoms.

  • Cloudy urine:

Cloudiness urine is also a sign of kidney stones. Cloudiness is also caused due to the presence of pus in the urine. Some people also report smell in urine as well. The smell caused due to bacteria that are presented in urine and caused urinary tract infection.

The smell also caused when your urine is more concentrated than normal.

  • Smelly urine:

Healthy urine is clear and doesn’t have a strong odor. Whereas cloudy or smelly urine can be a sign of infection in the urinary tract. One study found that about 9% of people who have acute kidney stone problem also shows kidney infection by certain bacteria or other microorganisms.

  • Pain and burning sensation during urination:

Doctor call this condition dysuria. Usually, this condition starts when your kidney stone reaches the junction between the bladder and ureter and you will feel pain and burning sensation when you urinate.

  • Pain in the back, side, and belly:

Kidney stone pain also called renal colic it is one of the most severe pain that one can ever imagine. Some people also compared kidney pain with childbirth pain or getting stabbed with a knife.

According to doctors, one can fell kidney stones when their ureter is blocked by the stone which makes pressure in the kidney. And this pain activates nerves which transmit signals of pain to the brain.

Usually, pain starting all suddenly. And as the stone moves and changes their location the pain and intensity also change. Many people reported pain waves that come and go out. Each pain wave will last for some minutes and then suddenly disappear.

 

Signs and symptoms of kidney stone

Diagnosis for kidney stone:

Some tests can detect whether you are suffering from kidney stone are:

  1. MRI scan of the kidney and abdomen.
  2. CT scan of the abdominal area
  3. Intravenous pyelogram
  4. Ultrasounds of kidney
  5. X-ray of the abdominal region.

Contract dye which is used in CT scan and IVP can affect those individuals who are already suffered from a kidney infection and kidney stones. But for a normal person, this dye doesn’t affect all.

Apart from the above physical tests, other tests can also be done for the diagnosis of kidney stones. Here are some tests:

  1. Urinalysis for detection of bacteria, blood White blood cells, and crystals.
  2. Blood tests for the detection of calcium, phosphorus, electrolytes and uric acid.
  3. Examination of passed stone and determination of their types.

Treatment options for kidney stone:

Although there are many treatments available for kidney stones. But treatment always varies from condition to condition. And it is recommended that if you feel any signs of kidney stone as mentioned above then call your doctor immediately.

Medications for kidney stone:

You may require non-narcotic medications for pain-relieving. And for infection, your doctor will give you antibiotic medicines. Apart from this non-narcotic medicines and antibiotic doctors also recommended some medicines as a treatment option for kidney stones.

  1. Ibuprofen for pain.
  2. Acetaminophen for pain.
  3. Naproxen for pain.
  4. Solutions of phosphorus to prevent stone formation.
  5. Allopurinol for uric acid stones.
  6. Dirutis from preventing stone formation.
  7. Solution for sodium bicarbonate to make uric acid less acidic.

Lithotripsy:

Lithotripsy used sound waves to break down the stone into very little pieces. These pieces can be easily passed through urine. Due to the usage of anesthesia, some people find this treatment a little uncomfortable. It can cause bleeding around the kidney and surrounded parts, bruising on the back and abdomen.

Surgery:

In surgery treatment, the surgeon removes the stone from your kidney region. Surgery is only done in these cases:

  1. A person can’t manage kidney stone pain.
  2. The size of the stone is too large.
  3. The stone cause kidney infection.
  4. Stone causes obstruction.
Prevention from kidney stone:

We all know prevention is better than cure. By making small adjustments in your diet and day to day life, can leave a big impact in your life and prevent you from kidney stones as well as kidney infection.

  • Increase calcium-rich foods:

After experiencing calcium oxalate kidney stone symptoms people tend to think that avoiding calcium-rich food can reverse their kidney stone symptoms. But it’s not true. Many studies found that a lack of calcium in your body and your diet as well will contribute to calcium oxalate kidney stones and osteoporosis.

However, calcium supplements will increase the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stone but if you consumed these supplements with your meal the risk of calcium oxalate kidney stones will decrease.

Calcium-rich foods include low-fat milk, low-fat curd, almonds, chia seeds, cheese, etc.

  • Eat fewer oxalate-rich foods:

The doctor also recommended that you have to consume a few oxalate-rich foods. It is because of oxalate which is present in food binds calcium present in your urine and form kidney stones.

Eating fewer oxalate-rich foods will decrease the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones.

Rich in oxalate food includes:

  1. Potatoes chips
  2. Beet.
  3. Spinach
  4. Chocolates.
  5. Peanuts
  6. Sweet potatoes.
  7. Coffee
  8. Soy products
  9. Wheat barn.
  • Why not shift to vegetable protein:

The doctor also recommended eating less animal protein. It is because animal protein is acidic. This acidic in nature animal protein increases urine acid in your body.

High urine acid increases the chance of calcium oxalate kidney stones and uric acid kidney stones. At least you should try to limit or completely avoid animal protein with vegetable protein.

Animal protein includes:

  1. Beef.
  2. Chicken.
  3. Pork.
  4. Fish.
  5. poultry
  • Limit or avoid vitamin C supplements:

Vitamin C supplements can increase the chance of kidney stones, especially in men. In 2013 study researchers found that consuming vitamin C or ascorbic acid supplements will increase the chance of kidney stones by 2 times.

However researchers still unsure about vitamin C which one can consume through their natural meal. From my point of view, limit or avoid vitamin C supplements and complete your vitamin c limit by meal or fruits.

Rich in vitamin c food includes:

  1. Broccoli.
  2. Kiwi fruit.
  3. Oranges.
  4. Sweet potato.
  5. Strawberry.
  6. Sweet potato.
  7. Cauliflower.
  8. Tomatoes.
  • Drink more water:

Drinking more water is the best prevention method that you can apply in your day to day life. In case you don’t drink enough water then your urine output will low. And if your urine output is low, your urine becomes more concentrated and less likely to dissolve salts and minerals like calcium in it.

And that salts and minerals will form kidney stones.

Fruits like oranges, lemonade, grapefruit yuzu, tangelo, etc are the best option that you can consume. These fruits are full of water and citrus in it which can prevent stone formation.

Try to drink about 8 glasses of water every day or enough water so that you can pass 2 liters urine every day. And if you sweat a lot then you need additional hydrated agents such as citrus fruits as mentioned above.

You can know your hydrating condition by seeing your urine color. If your urine is usually transparent then your body is hydrating enough. But if your color is pale yellow or slightly brown then you need to drink more water.

  • Avoid creatine supplement:

Yes, you heard right!!  A creatine supplement can cause kidney stones. Although creatine supplement can increase your strength as well as gains but the main twist is if you are not hydrated enough then particles of creatine in your urine come closer and form a kidney stone.

Again to flush out all waste particles of creatine you have to drink enough water.

  • Eat less sodium:

According to the urology care foundation. A high salt diet can increase the chances of kidney stones. To much salt in your diet prevents calcium from reabsorbed from the urine in blood.

This cause a high amount of calcium in your urine which may lead to the kidney stone.

Eating less sodium in your diet help to reabsorbed calcium in your urine by nerves. And less calcium in your urine decreases the chance of kidney stones.

Rich in sodium food includes:

  1. Lunchmeat.
  2. Doritos, fried chicken, flavored Pringles and other foods that contain monosodium glutamate.
  3. Digesting beans and legumes, baked goods, Food colorants and other foods that contain baking soda.
  4. Foods that contain sodium nitrate.
  5. Condiments.
  6. Canned soups.
  7. Chips. 
  8. Crackers.
  9. Canned vegetables.

Prevention from kidney stone

  • Why not trying herbal remedies:

People who don’t want to consume chemically synthesize medicine can go for herbal remedies. Herbs like Chanca Piedra also know as “Stonebreaker”. This herb prevents the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones.

And those people who already suffered from kidney stones can also consume this herb to reduce the size of existing kidney stones.

However, researchers still not sure about the dosage, side effects and contribution of this herb in kidney stone treatment. That’s why it is recommended you to consume this herb with a little caution and on self-risk.



Frequently Asked Questions 
  • What are the risk factors for causing kidney stones?
  1.  Dehydration,
  2. Genetic,
  3. Obesity,
  4. gastric bypass surgery,
  5. Bowel disease (Which caused calcium absorption),
  6. Medicines like and calcium-based antacids and antiseizure drugs.
  • What is the diagnosis option for kidney stones?

    Some tests can detect whether you are suffering from kidney stone are:

    1. MRI scan of the kidney and abdomen,
    2. CT scan of the abdominal area,
    3. Intravenous pyelogram,
    4. Ultrasounds of the kidney,
    5. X-ray of the abdominal region.
  • Why should I avoid vitamin C supplements?

In 2013 study researchers found that consuming vitamin C or ascorbic acid supplement will increase the chance of kidney stones by 2 times.

  • Why should I avoid a creatine supplement?

If you are not hydrated enough then particles of creatine come closer and form a kidney stone.

  • What is lithotripsy?

Lithotripsy is the technique in which sound waves are used to break down the stone into very little pieces. These pieces can be easily passed through urine. 



Final words.

So here it is all about kidney stone, their prevention, and treatment. You need to follow a good diet and drink a lot of water in a day.  

All the best for your transformation

Kumar Bhaskar.


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